He who controls the Rare Earth Elements controls the world
Let me give some background, I’m an amateur rock hound, and I love semi-precious gemstones to collect and display. Being that I’m a little nerdy, I wanted to know where they come from and the properties these lovely things are made of. Afghanistan has semi-precious stones which we’ve all known they’ve been sitting on since the dawn of time, Kunzite, Amber, Lapis, gold, and copper. How do they mine anything with the country in turmoil?
Afghanistan biggest export seemed to be opium creating drug addicts all over the world, but it appears the Chinese have stepped it up a notch by stepping on the Heroin by adding deadly fentanyl to the mix. They are killing tens of thousands of people. Heroin is getting replaced by fentanyl. Farmers of poppies tar are not making money, some are encouraged to grow fruit crops in Mexico, but the more significant money makers are cannabis that grows like a weed.
With a stark decline in the price fetched by opium gum, Mexico’s government should take strides toward making crop substitution proposals a reality in Guerrero.
The Army says Afghan poppies -- the source of much of the world's heroin -- can be a "source of stability" for the war-ravaged country.
In 2009, in one of his first major war policy decisions since becoming president, Barack Obama oversaw an end to U.S. poppy eradication. The substitute seed program continued, and even accelerated. The monitoring of drug networks was stepped up – but largely to find their connections to militant cells. Kingpins were still busted. But torching fields was over. Without American support, Afghan government counternarcotic operations withered to a merely symbolic scale. Kabul’s agents would raze one acre of a 10-acre plot and call it “eradicated.” The agents got paid, the government could tell Russia and the U.N. that it was cracking down on drugs and the farmers still had viable fields. While the fighting in Afghanistan continued to escalate after 2009, the poppy farms were no longer the major source of instability.
This intelligence-gathering mission seems to be going nowhere. But after half an hour or so Mohammad grows more comfortable and expansive. He explains that today’s poppy prices are down compared to the golden years of the late 1990s, when the Taliban was in charge, there was no eradication – token or otherwise – and U.S. troops weren’t hanging around trying to figure out how they felt about the crop. “People are still dreaming of the boom years,” he says.
This is a working theory folks, I want to make awareness of the Fentanyl epidemic brought on by Chinese gangs and REM. If these people are struggling to make a living growing poppy, how fast will they jump on the mining of REM? It’s psyops, don’t push eradication but instead gentle tell them about REM making millionaires overnight, how glorious does that sound? Read the entire Wired Article written by David Axe its good.
What Afghanistan has is a wealth of rare earth minerals. What are rare earth minerals you ask?
A rare-earth element (REE) or rare-earth metal (REM), as defined by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, is one of a set of seventeen chemical elements in the periodic table, specifically the fifteen lanthanides, as well as scandium and yttrium. Scandium and yttrium are considered rare-earth elements because they tend to occur in the same ore deposits as the lanthanides and exhibit similar chemical properties, but have different electronic and magnetic properties. Rarely, a broader definition that includes actinides may be used, since the actinides share some mineralogical, chemical, and physical (especially electron shell configuration) characteristics.
The 17 rare-earth elements are cerium (Ce), dysprosium (Dy), erbium (Er), europium (Eu), gadolinium (Gd), holmium (Ho), lanthanum (La), lutetium (Lu), neodymium (Nd), praseodymium (Pr), promethium (Pm), samarium (Sm), scandium (Sc), terbium (Tb), thulium (Tm), ytterbium (Yb), and yttrium (Y). They are often found in minerals with thorium (Th), and less commonly uranium (U).
Despite their name, rare-earth elements are – with the exception of the radioactive promethium – relatively plentiful in Earth’s crust, with cerium being the 25th most abundant element at 68 parts per million, more abundant than copper. However, because of their geochemical properties, rare-earth elements are typically dispersed and not often found concentrated in rare-earth minerals; as a result economically exploitable ore deposits are less common. The first rare-earth mineral discovered (1787) was gadolinite, a mineral composed of cerium, yttrium, iron, silicon, and other elements. This mineral was extracted from a mine in the village of Ytterby in Sweden; four of the rare-earth elements bear names derived from this single location.
Take a look at the link and see the elements and what they are used for, big tech comes to mind.
Until 1948, most of the world’s rare earths were sourced from placer sand deposits in India and Brazil. Through the 1950s, South Africa was the world’s rare-earth source, from a monazite-rich reef at the Steenkampskraal mine in Western Cape province. Through the 1960s until the 1980s, the Mountain Pass rare earth mine in California made the United States the leading producer. Today, the Indian and South African deposits still produce some rare-earth concentrates, but they are dwarfed by the scale of Chinese production. In 2017, China produced 81% of the world’s rare-earth supply, mostly in Inner Mongolia, although it had only 36.7% of reserves. Australia was the second and only other major producer with 15% of world production. All of the world’s heavy rare earths (such as dysprosium) come from Chinese rare-earth sources such as the polymetallic Bayan Obo deposit. The Browns Range mine, located 160 km south east of Halls Creek in northern Western Australia, is currently under development and is positioned to become the first significant dysprosium producer outside of China.
A table listing the 17 rare-earth elements, their atomic number and symbol, the etymology of their names, and their main usages (see also Applications of lanthanides) is provided here. Some of the rare-earth elements are named after the scientists who discovered or elucidated their elemental properties, and some after their geographical discovery.
|Z||Symbol||Name||Etymology||Selected applications||Abundance (ppm[a])|
|21||Sc||Scandium||from Latin Scandia (Scandinavia).||Light aluminium-scandium alloys for aerospace components, additive in metal-halide lamps and mercury-vapor lamps, radioactive tracing agent in oil refineries||22|
|39||Y||Yttrium||after the village of Ytterby, Sweden, where the first rare earth ore was discovered.||Yttrium aluminium garnet (YAG) laser, yttrium vanadate (YVO4) as host for europium in television red phosphor, YBCO high-temperature superconductors, yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ), yttrium iron garnet (YIG) microwave filters, energy-efficient light bulbs (part of triphosphor white phosphor coating in fluorescent tubes, CFLs and CCFLs, and yellow phosphor coating in white LEDs), spark plugs, gas mantles, additive to steel, cancer treatments||33|
|57||La||Lanthanum||from the Greek “lanthanein”, meaning to be hidden.||High refractive index and alkali-resistant glass, flint, hydrogen storage, battery-electrodes, camera lenses, fluid catalytic cracking catalyst for oil refineries||39|
|58||Ce||Cerium||after the dwarf planet Ceres, named after the Roman goddess of agriculture.||Chemical oxidizing agent, polishing powder, yellow colors in glass and ceramics, catalyst for self-cleaning ovens, fluid catalytic cracking catalyst for oil refineries, ferrocerium flints for lighters, robust intrinsically hydrophobic coatings for turbine blades.||66.5|
|59||Pr||Praseodymium||from the Greek “prasios”, meaning leek-green, and “didymos”, meaning twin.||Rare-earth magnets, lasers, core material for carbon arc lighting, colorant in glasses and enamels, additive in didymium glass used in welding goggles, ferrocerium firesteel (flint) products.||9.2|
|60||Nd||Neodymium||from the Greek “neos”, meaning new, and “didymos”, meaning twin.||Rare-earth magnets, lasers, violet colors in glass and ceramics, didymium glass, ceramic capacitors, electric motors of electric automobiles||41.5|
|61||Pm||Promethium||after the Titan Prometheus, who brought fire to mortals.||Nuclear batteries, luminous paint||1×10−15[b]|
|62||Sm||Samarium||after mine official, Vasili Samarsky-Bykhovets.||Rare-earth magnets, lasers, neutron capture, masers, control rods of nuclear reactors||7.05|
|63||Eu||Europium||after the continent of Europe.||Red and blue phosphors, lasers, mercury-vapor lamps, fluorescent lamps, NMR relaxation agent||2|
|64||Gd||Gadolinium||after Johan Gadolin (1760–1852), to honor his investigation of rare earths.||High refractive index glass or garnets, lasers, X-ray tubes, computer memories, neutron capture, MRI contrast agent, NMR relaxation agent, magnetostrictive alloys such as Galfenol, steel additive||6.2|
|65||Tb||Terbium||after the village of Ytterby, Sweden.||Additive in Neodymium based magnets, green phosphors, lasers, fluorescent lamps (as part of the white triband phosphor coating), magnetostrictive alloys such as terfenol-D, naval sonar systems, stabilizer of fuel cells||1.2|
|66||Dy||Dysprosium||from the Greek “dysprositos”, meaning hard to get.||Additive in Neodymium based magnets, lasers, magnetostrictive alloys such as terfenol-D, hard disk drives||5.2|
|67||Ho||Holmium||after Stockholm (in Latin, “Holmia”), native city of one of its discoverers.||Lasers, wavelength calibration standards for optical spectrophotometers, magnets||1.3|
|68||Er||Erbium||after the village of Ytterby, Sweden.||Infrared lasers, vanadium steel, fiber-optic technology||3.5|
|69||Tm||Thulium||after the mythological northern land of Thule.||Portable X-ray machines, metal-halide lamps, lasers||0.52|
|70||Yb||Ytterbium||after the village of Ytterby, Sweden.||Infrared lasers, chemical reducing agent, decoy flares, stainless steel, stress gauges, nuclear medicine, monitoring earthquakes||3.2|
|71||Lu||Lutetium||after Lutetia, the city that later became Paris.||Positron emission tomography – PET scan detectors, high-refractive-index glass, lutetium tantalate hosts for phosphors, catalyst used in refineries, LED light bulb||0.8|
- Parts per million in earth’s crust, e.g. Pb=13 ppm
- No stable isotopes occurring in nature.
The following abbreviations are often used:
- RE = rare earth
- REM = rare-earth metals
- REE = rare-earth elements
- REO = rare-earth oxides
- REY = rare-earth elements and yttrium
- LREE = light rare-earth elements
- HREE = heavy rare-earth elements
Read this full article! written by By Planet Earth
This is some excerpt
Despite being one of the poorest nations in the world, Afghanistan may be sitting on one of the richest troves of minerals in the world, valued at nearly $1 trillion, according to U.S. scientists.
Afghanistan, a country nearly the size of Texas, is loaded with minerals deposited by the violent collision of the Indian subcontinent with Asia. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) began inspecting what mineral resources Afghanistan had after U.S.-led forces drove the Taliban from power in the country in 2004. As it turns out, the Afghanistan Geological Survey staff had kept Soviet geological maps and reports up to 50 years old or more that hinted at a geological gold mine.
In 2006, U.S. researchers flew airborne missions to conduct magnetic, gravity and hyperspectral surveys over Afghanistan. The magnetic surveys probed for iron-bearing minerals up to 6 miles (10 kilometers) below the surface, while the gravity surveys tried to identify sediment-filled basins potentially rich in oil and gas. The hyperspectral survey looked at the spectrum of light reflected off rocks to identify the light signatures unique to each mineral. More than 70 percent of the country was mapped in just two months. [Facts About Rare Earth Minerals (Infographic)]
The surveys verified all the major Soviet finds. Afghanistan may hold 60 million tons of copper, 2.2 billion tons of iron ore, 1.4 million tons of rare earth elements such as lanthanum, cerium and neodymium, and lodes of aluminum, gold, silver, zinc, mercury and lithium. For instance, the Khanneshin carbonatite deposit in Afghanistan’s Helmand province is valued at $89 billion, full as it is with rare earth elements.
The researchers’ work has helped develop what are essentially treasure maps that let mining companies know what minerals are there, how much is there, and where they are, all to attract bids on the rights to the deposits. The Afghan government has already signed a 30-year, $3 billion contract with the China Metallurgical Group, a state-owned mining enterprise based in Beijing, to exploit the Mes Aynak copper deposit, and awarded mining rights for the country’s biggest iron deposit to a group of Indian state-run and private companies. [Is China Mining a Rare Earth Monopoly? Op-Ed]
WAKE UP! If you vote, the Dems in those skies are falling narratives will come true, and you won’t be driving a fossil fuel car but the electric one. Since we know they did quid pro quo with Ukraine, they no doubt will do the same in Afghanistan. China has already got their hands in the pot of gold. These deals happened under the Obama administration and, most likely, Hillary Clinton.
I never thought this dive was so deep!
Kitty our amazing researcher went and found us some more links and we like to thank the Global Research site 💋 that posted this
Of relevance to an understanding of America’s ongoing military and economic agenda in Afghanistan as well as its confrontation with Russia and China. First published in August 2012 (translated from Russian) Curious information surfaced in the media  – based on space reconnaissance, the US Department of Defense put together a map of Afghanistan showing …
We do have the capabilities to track resources from space, that’s not a lie. I love when people come to Oak Island and show them new gadgets to find treasure. Seal Team the TV show that I was binge-watching the other night did an episode on finding REM, I had to find out if it was true and here it is. We don’t go to war for anything, but I do think that we got had on this one or maybe Team Obama had to have known all about it.